HOW THE CHURCH CHANGED ITS TEXTS Peter Cresswell
In analysing discrepancies in Biblical texts, the aim should be to find a theory that provides the best explanation of the evidence as a whole. This contrasts with the approach of Christian apologists, who often accept only the evidence which fits with their already-existing beliefs. Abstract by Tom Rubens.
KANT AND OBJECTIVE MORALITY Ralph Walker
A concise account, and attempt at vindication, of Kant’s moral position. Kant argues that morality is objective in that it exists in its own right, independently of human thought and feeling. Also, it applies to all rational beings, not just to human beings. It contains imperatives which are known a priori to all rational beings, in the way that logical and mathematical truths are known. Morality requires that we pursue perfection and happiness, but always in accordance with the moral law, always with a sense of duty in control of our actions, and always with the aim of treating others as ends in themselves. Abstract by Tom Rubens.
VIEWPOINTS: C. Purnell (2), T. Rubens, D. Langdown, G. Bond, D. Ibry
A FEW THOUGHTS ON ATHEISM Nigel Sinnott
The author regards the notion of an omniscient, omnipotent and omni-benevolent deity as an absurdity, in the light of the amount of suffering and injustice which exist in the world. As a champion of free thought, he attacks the arrogance and demand for privileges displayed by religious institutions; and sees the main enemy as authoritarian ideology of any kind, be it religious or secular. Abstract by Tom Rubens.
HUMANIST PERSPECTIVES ON PRIVACY Frank Furedi
Though private life can certainly have its ugly side, it remains an area of vital importance: one allowing the individual to mature, experience autonomy, and enjoy personal relationships–all in ways not possible in the public sphere. Hence there is no justification in trying to eradicate it as a negative aspect of society, as certain forces in the contemporary West are seeking to do. Abstract by Tom Rubens.
LIBRARY ADDITIONS Cathy Broad