Delivered at Conway Hall 28 March 1943. Chaired by Lord Snell and presented by Professor Sir Richard Gregory.
Science is a vital part of education; and modern science is based on the inductive philosophy of Bacon, according to which sense-perception is the starting-point of knowledge. Through sense-perception, we move from the known to the unknown, from facts to conclusions, from the concrete to the abstract. Educational philosophy since Bacon, through Locke, Rousseau, Pestalozzi and Froebel, has stressed sense perception as the first stage of the educational process.
Science education should always be part of a broad and integrated teaching programme aimed at training both mind and body i.e. all the faculties. Such was the ideal of Herbert Spencer and T.H. Huxley; for them, education should be in the human sciences as well as the natural ones. The application of scientific method is appropriate in any area requiring impartial and objective interpretations of fact: science is systematic and formulated knowledge in all fields of human understanding.
Because science has determined the character of modern civilisation, it is an indispensable element in all educational schemes designed to promote progressive thinking and living.