Delivered at Conway Hall 11 March 1955. Chaired by Baron John Horder and presented by Baron John Orr.
The modern era has seen a massive increase in the productive capacities of mankind, due largely to advances in science and technology. This increase is evident in the East as well as the West. Now, with access to atomic and nuclear energy, it could lead to an age of material abundance for all human beings. But this can only come about if the present global economic system adjusts to the new conditions, and if birth control measures curb the growth of world population. Another crucial measure is the ending of war, especially as war would now mean the use of all destructive nuclear weapons. Ending war requires a world government which can maintain the peace by getting nations to disarm, and to co-operate with each other economically.